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The Makuleras Cancels of Sweden - May 1999
By James Burgeson  (Page 1 of 2)



PAGE ONE .... PAGE TWO



Fig 1

Fig 2

Fig 1

Fig 2


In The November 1998 issue of The Posthorn the article on Finland's #226 mute cancel by Mike Fraser brought to mind the Makuleras cancels of Sweden. These cancels, like the Finnish "cork" cancels, were mostly or partly mute, sometimes showing the name of the town where applied. They were introduced in the 1890s and the first ones were similar to Figure 1 and are quite rare, especially from cities other than Stockholm.

The word "Makuleras" means, literally, "canceled". It has been used in many forms and is common on revenue stamps, as shown in Figure 2.

On mail it appears to be used mainly for "subsequently canceled" situations. However, in Handbok över Svenska Post och Makulerings Stämplar 1685-1951, published by the Swedish Philatelic Society in 1952, it is said to have been introduced mainly to "cancel to order" (huvudsakligen for orderstamping) and this is hard to reconcile both as the term was used in earlier times and as used today.

Fig 3 Fig 4 Fig 4a

Fig 3

Fig 4

Fig 4a


In the early 1900s a rectangular boxed form as shown in Figure 3 was used. The cancellation handbook says this was needed due to increased use of machine cancellers, which missed stamps wrongly placed on envelopes, as for example, in the upper left comer. In these cases, the Makuleras cancels were evidently applied at the receiving post offices and mainly in large cities.

For a while, the spelling "Makuleradt" was used in a straight line, unframed, grotesque form as shown in Figure 4 (two stamps from separate covers placed together for illustration). The color on this and on most of the early examples is purple.

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